Humana People to People

Humana People to People

Strengthening TB case finding in Mining Sector of Southern Africa

Equipping field staff with communication material under TB in the Mining Sector in Southern Africa Programme

June 2017, Machava, Mozambique. ADPP Mozambique, a Stop TB Partner, is undertaking active TB case finding covering a population of 214,000 mineworkers, ex-mineworkers, their family members and their communities with the aim of reducing the TB burden in Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland and Zambia.


In June 2017, 134 community outreach workers across eight countries have been provided with communication materials including a programme manual for outreach workers to refer while they work and flipcharts that helps provide key messages in a story form.  Information pamphlets on TB, patient pamphlet to guide TB patients and posters with key TB messages including signs and symptoms, TB/HIV etc are also progressively being rolled out to the countries. This will assist community outreach workers in their intensified case finding tasks and create awareness on TB and HIV/TB in the communities where the miners live. These materials have been designed specifically for this project and are tailored to the information needs of mining communities. The material will also serve to ensure the standardization of messages being disseminated amongst similar communities across eight countries.


The development of these materials involved a close partnership between ADPP Mozambique and another Stop TB partner, TB Alert, thanks to funding from The Global Fund and with input and feedback from important stakeholders including the Wits Health Consortium and the WHO Civil Society Taskforce on Tuberculosis. Olga Guerrero from ADPP and Sameer Sah from TB Alert, who were involved in developing the material had to consider field realities, differing languages and cultures in the design process. The material was field tested in Mozambique before being finalized and published in various languages, including patient pamphlets and general information pamphlets in English, Portuguese and ten other local languages, to serve the needs in ten countries covered under the TIMS project.



Kesegofetse Gaolebe, one of the outreach worker from Francistown in Botswana said, “The colours and images in the material now make it easier to provide key messages in an interesting way that local communities find easy to understand. I am sure that this will make a big positive difference in the way we communicate with communities.” 

Access to water is transforming lives in Monze, Zambia


DAPP Zambia is increasing access to clean water in the lacking and dry parts of Zambia. This is done through mainstreaming water, sanitation and hygiene education in Monze district. The community based safe water provision efforts are covering 164 villages with a combined population of approximately 44,300 people. 

The current evidence indicates that water scarcity affects more than 40 per cent of the global population and the amount is projected to rise. Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Sub-Saharan Africa and Zambia specifically are in need of support to ensure access to water and sanitation for all – Sustainable Development Goal 6.

We share with you the story of Basilia Mwiinga one of our Child Aid Monze project beneficiaries on how access to water has impacted positively on her life and that of her family. 

Enjoy her story!



“My name is Basilia Mwiinga and I live with a family of 12 at Kayobolola village of Moomba Ward in Monze District Southern Province of Zambia. 

I have always been passionate about gardening, but I was unable to succeed because of the scarcity of water in my village, especially during the dry season. The main water source is about 5 kilometres away from my village and this posed a serious challenge when it come to accessing water for gardening during the dry season. The closer alternative source of water is a perennial stream which most years goes dry in July. This water challenge affects my yield almost every year. 

However, Child Aid-Monze drilled a new water point in our village. The new water point has brought so much change in my livelihood and for the entire village. It has also enabled myself to engage in gardening all year round without water challenges.

The new water point has not only reduced the distance to accessing water for drinking and other domestic uses, but has also enabled people to engage in gardening closer to their homes. This year I managed to plant more vegetables than any other year. I have so far planted 179 plants of rape, Chinese cabbage and tomatoes. On a weekly basis I have been able to raise K35.00 (Euro3) from the sales of vegetables. Part of the money I raise from vegetable sales is used to support my school-going children and the purchase of groceries and other household requirements.  

Finally, I would like to express my sincere thanks to DAPP Zambia for drilling the water point and continuous rehabilitation of old ones, through the Area Pump Menders, who took part in a training.” 

Child Aid Monze has constructed 16 new boreholes and rehabilitated 13 in the period ranging from January to December 2016. The on-site water quality testing was done for the 29 completed boreholes including the laboratory water quality testing. The rehabilitated boreholes enabled pupils to access safe and clean drinking water and facilitated gardening that improved their nutritional status and income from the sale of fresh vegetables. 

Through the WASHE – (Water and Sanitation Hygiene Education) meetings conducted, the community of Monze has gained knowledge and skills on good hygiene practices and the community has taken an active role to improve water, sanitation and hygiene at home. 

Humana People to People to which DAPP Zambia is a member, share the underlying factor that clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. 

The success of SDG Goal 6 will help to support vulnerable members of society in the developing countries with clean water supply and curb unnecessary loss of lives due to lack of better sanitation standards.

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The Long Walk to Prevention: Every Voice Counts
Humana People to People South Africa Stand at the 8th SA AIDS Conference


The 8th South African AIDS Conference 2017 will be held from 13-15 June in Durban, South Africa. Humana People to People South Africa (HPPSA) will be part of the 8th Southern African AIDS Conference. The conference is a gathering for those working in the field of HIV, as well as policy makers, people living with HIV and other individuals committed to ending the epidemic.

The Conference theme: The Long Walk to Prevention: Every Voice Counts provides a unique opportunity to ignite everyone’s energy around HIV prevention relating to structural changes required for HIV/AIDS prevention in Southern Africa. This time around, the conference is designed to mainly bring back the human perspective hence the clarion call - every voice counts. 

According to Dr Sue Goldstein, Conference Chairperson, Southern Africa is in its strongest position yet when it comes to control of the AIDS epidemic, however there are a number of major gaps that still need to be addressed and plugged. She further says prevention has always been the poor relative of the epidemic. 

With the aim to assist in reducing the high number of new HIV infections in South Africa and linking high incident communities and key populations to HIV and TB prevention, care and support services, Humana People to People initiated an intervention called a Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE). TCE program does not only help to reduce the number of new HIV infections but also equips individuals with the tools they need to take control of the epidemic, break down the stigma that still surrounds the epidemics as well as to stop the spread of HIV. 

Founded on the ethos that “Only the people can liberate themselves from HIV”, TCE is currently the largest mobile HIV home testing and counselling unique approach in South Africa that runs in 5 provinces empowering communities to fight the challenges of HIV/AIDS and TB. The program reaches every single person in its operational area through door-to-door campaigns, individual counselling, and community mobilisation.

TCE recruits and employ community members to create development, train them as TCE Field Officers, Peer Educators and Counsellors that are responsible for carrying out campaigns of community sensitization about, and mobilization against HIV and AIDS. In the 8th Southern African Conference you can find the latest advances in basic sciences alongside an emphasis on how to be part of lasting change to prevent new infections.

Humana People to People an organization to which Humana People to People South Africa is a member has been actively involved with addressing the HIV and AIDS epidemic since the turn of the new millennium. The TCE concept is now adapted to the demands of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets of Ending AIDS by 2030. The TCE thrust in South Africa as it is mostly in Southern Africa is to get many people diagnosed against HIV infection, get the ones infected enrolled on treatment and engage the people on treatment to adhere ARV drugs uptake until HIV viral  load is suppressed in their body system. Over 30 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa, India and China have been impacted by the TCE program over the past almost 2 decades.

The TCE concept form part of how Humana People to People is contributing to the implementation and subsequent of achievement of the UN declared Sustainable Development Goals 3 of “Ensure healthy lives & promote well-being for all at all ages”. 

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June 2017

Uniting Actions to End TB in Mining Sector of Southern Africa

Tackling TB and Multi-Drug Resistant TB must be at the heart of global action against infectious disease. The burden of TB is too great and the need for new treatment is too urgent.

Humana People to People is taking action against TB in Southern Africa, India and China. We know about the close relationship between HIV and TB as a cause for concern in addressing the HIV and AIDS epidemic. This realization called for integrating TB programming within the HIV and AIDS programs of Total Control of the Epidemic and HOPE Humana.

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Building resilience among rural farmers in Zambia

Small-scale farmers in the rural areas of Zambia face different obstacles to participate fully in the country’s agriculture growth. Interventions are needed to strengthen productivity of small-scale farmers as this would be a useful step towards sustenance of Zambia’s agriculture production and supporting efforts directed at poverty alleviation.

DAPP Zambia, a member of Humana People to People, is currently operating a rural small scale farmers program in Pemba district, Southern province of Zambia. The program response focuses on improving the farmers’ resilience regarding effects of climate change, improving livelihood and generation of income for the actively involved small scale farmers. It is expected to contribute, in the long term, to building the resilience of the most vulnerable rural populations in the region.

The project is part of the project Rural Resilience Initiative which was launched in 2012 in Ethiopia and Senegal. The partners decided to use the Farmer’s Clubs model in Zambia. DAPP Zambia started the initiative with 500 farmers in April 2015 and scaled up to 2,800 farmers in 2016. The Farmers’ Clubs Pemba project will continue with the same number of farmers in 2017.

A brief information about Zambia

The country has a population of about 16 million people, of which 65 percent live in rural areas. Fertility rates remain at an average of 5.3 children per woman very high in Zambia. Child employment in agriculture (age 7-14) constitutes 95.3 percent for females and 96.5 percent for males.

The country’s life expectancy is estimated to be at 41.7 years, extremely low. Life expectancy has been decreasing in Zambia for most of the last three decades, partly due to a high HIV and AIDS prevalence rate, which currently stands at about 17 percent.

Zambia’s rural economy, growth in the agricultural sector is one avenue through which poverty reduction can be achieved. However, despite widespread recognition of the strong connection between agricultural development and poverty reduction, there is continuing under-provision of public investments for over a decade and small scale farmers have continued to struggle under poverty for a very long period.

Zambia and climate change

In Zambia, climate change is already affecting most of the rural poor. Zambia’s average annual temperature has increased by 1.3°C from 1960 to 2006. Warming has been especially noticeable during the winter months. According to Zambia’s Meteorological Department, the 2014 unusually high temperatures ranging from 30°C to 38°C across the country attest to the increasing temperatures.

Zambia’s annual rainfall decreased by an average rate of 1.9 millimeters per month per decade since 1960, primarily due to decreases in rainfall from December to February. Many farmers in the eastern and southern provinces have witnessed a shorter growing season each year, which has forced them to adopt adaptation measures, such as regenerative agriculture. However, many others lack adequate support to fully adapt to these changes.

Further the fact that much of Zambia’s farming remains subsistence-style, relying on seasonal rains complicates the sustainability of relying on traditional farming methods. New efforts are needed which give more focus on increasing yields, conserving soil and water as well as supporting farmers with insurance services.

DAPP Zambia response to the challenges

DAPP Zambia is creating hope among the more than 2.800 farmers in Pemba district. Farmers’ Clubs Pemba is actively engaging farmers to improve crop production through diversification and soil management, improve financial literacy among farmer’s clubs members including linking farmers to micro finance, starting of saving clubs, marketing of crops, and linking the farmers to insurance services against crop failure.

The Rural Resilience Initiative strategy, the mechanism funding Farmers’ Clubs Pemba, is responding to climate change and other factors strengthening food security. The way is to empower the small scale farmer by offering the farmer access to an organized farming Club Life including extension training sessions, organizing model farming demo-plots, field visits, low cost technical solutions, technical assistance, exchange of collectively gained experiences, links to micro finance and markets.

The yields of farmers in Pemba are low and the increasing frequency of climatic shocks is overwhelming beyond their coping capacities. Therefore, the Rural Resilience Initiative (R4), is a risk management intervention which aims to increase the resilience of small scale farmers to climatic shocks. This is done through a combination of four risk management strategies, namely:

  • Disaster Risk Reduction and Safety Nets
  • Risk Transfer (Insurance)
  • Prudent Risk Taking (Credit) and
  • Risk Reserves (Savings)

The R4 harmonizes these four risk management strategies which aim to reduce household vulnerability and food insecurity caused and intensified by climate change and associated hazards.

The project has developed systems that enable vulnerable and food insecure rural populations in the region overcome climate risks through community oriented risk management and focused market-based approaches. The agricultural production of these small scale farmers is dependent on rainfall. Therefore, R4 project will increase the resilience of small holder farmers to climatic shocks through a combination of the above four risk management strategies.

The three year initiative is part of the global Rural Resilience Initiative which was launched in 2012 and is presently working with over 22,000 rural farmers in two other African countries namely; Ethiopia and Senegal. Following its success in the mentioned countries, the project was scaled up to Zambia and Malawi in 2014. Ms. Ertharin Cousin, the World Food Program Executive Director and other officials from WFP, visited the Farmers Club Project in Pemba district, Southern Province on 16 January, 2016.

Farmers’ Clubs Pemba 2016 Activities

A total of 672 Farmers’ Clubs meetings were conducted during the year and among the key issues discussed during these meetings was post-harvest management and storage facilities, land preparation, access to market and farming inputs.

The community-based participatory planning was conducted. 154 community members, representing 19 different social-economic groups were brought together at Kanchomba Farm Institute at different intervals. The key outcome of the activity was the development of Community-led Action Plans for each individual camp. The activity was facilitated by a team from World Food Program, DAPP Zambia and Ministry of Local Government and Housing.

Nearly all Farmers’ Clubs members prepared their land using conservation farming methods. 2,699 farmers representing 95.2% of all registered farmers in the project area cultivated their fields using ox-drawn ploughs. Thirty eight (38) farmers cultivated their fields using tractors, while one hundred twelve (112) farmers prepared their land using basin making. The total size of land in hectares prepared under ripping (tractor and ox-drawn ploughs) was 3,316 hectares, while the total land prepared under basins was 94.6 hectares.

The farmers increased the use of manure and lime in order to reduce the cost on fertilizer and to improve soil structure. The formation of Farmers’ Clubs has relatively improved the adoption and uptake of conservation farming among Farmers’ Club members compared to other areas where such structures are not in place.

All the 2,834 farmers under the Farmers’ Clubs project have been enrolled into the Farmers’ Clubs project insurance for assets (IFA) facility after meeting the required minimum threshold of one hectare of land prepared under conservation agriculture. A total K850 200 equivalent to Euro 8 100 was spent on premium value to cover a total surface area of 2,834 hectares of land. The size of land insured was restricted to one hectare per farmer to ensure coverage of all the 2,834 farmers under the project.

241 (171 males and 70 females) farmers from four new camps obtained agricultural loans from a micro-credit enterprise called Vision Fund. Access to agricultural loan facility has strengthened the farmers’ ability to increase productivity through increased hectares of land planted.

The program has shown that improving access to knowledge on climatic services and information among rural small scale farmers helps in seasonal planning and in managing risks.

Humana People to People through the rural small scale program in Pemba is contributing to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. This is UN Sustainable Development Goal 2 which is focusing on Ending Hunger by 2030.

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