Each country in Africa has a unique story to tell when it comes to its soil. Varying in quality and with disparate challenges – their unifying feature is that the soil provides an important source of livelihood to many that live on it. Protecting these soils against over-cultivation and climate change is critical to ensuring sustainable futures for millions of citizens.
World AIDS Day takes place on the 1st of December each year. It is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV and AIDS. Humana People to People invites the wider community in contributing towards ending the AIDS epidemic.
Globally, Humana People to People members join forces with leading international health agencies and organizations, including UNAIDS to gain control over the HIV epidemic through the 90-90-90 agenda.
DAPP Namibia through the Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE) program joins the global commitment to ending AIDS by 2030. TCE carries out intensive campaigns in targeted areas, to ensure that everyone at risk gets tested.
Founded on the idea, “Only the people can liberate themselves from HIV and AIDS the epidemic”, Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE) empowers communities to fight HIV and AIDS. The TCE Field Officer receives professional training in matters to do with HIV counseling and testing, Home Based HIV Testing, basic ART treatment support including HIV+ viral suppression initiatives. By committing to Home Based HIV Testing, TCE is contributing to achieving 90% of people getting to know their HIV status.
We are inviting you to watch 5 films, each less than 3 minutes long. The short films are showcasing the unique developments happening under TCE Namibia as they respond to fighting the negative impact of HIV and AIDS.
Visit this link to access the 5 films: http://bit.ly/2jziQhg
The negotiations in Bonn, at the 23rd annual conference of the parties (COP) ended on a high note with renewed focus to do more actions to reverse climate change effects. A growing coalition of states, cities and organizations have committed to meet emissions reductions targets. African states and organizations in particular are made the most of their presence at the conference by voicing their concerns and ideas – pressuring developed nations to commit to more ambitious reduction targets. Africa is likely to be the continent affected most by climate change. Malawi is one such country – with high population growth, rapid deforestation, and widespread soil erosion, its agriculturally based economy is particularly susceptible to climate change’s negative consequences.
Malawi was previously heavily forested. However, over the years, people have been cutting down the trees and burning them where they fall to open up areas for farming – this is commonly known as “slash and burn” agriculture. In the past, these areas were farmed for one to three years, and then the farmer would move on, cut down some more forest, and start all over again. Whilst the population of Malawi was small, the environment was able to recover as the trees would regenerate. However in July 2011, the World Bank estimated that Malawi’s population has doubled every 25 years and in 2011 it stood at 17.2 million - this has meant that there is increased pressure on available land. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), forest cover is now just 34.4% of the total land area of Malawi (UN data 2010). This has fallen from 41.4% in 1990. The challenge for Malawi in the future, with its rapidly growing population, is to help communities to develop a more sustainable approach to environmental protection.
DAPP Malawi works with local communities to plant trees to build their capacity to mitigate the impact of climate change. Tree planting serves multiple purposes such as protecting against erosion, improving soil fertility, producing nutritious fruits, or producing firewood. Examples of species planted are: Jatropha, Moringa, Cassia, Avocado, Guava, and Papaya. One tree which farmers are mostly encouraged to plant in their field is Albizia Lebbeck locally known as Mtanga tanga which possesses properties of nitrogen fixing in the soil. The rural farming communities in the districts of Chiradzulu, Zomba, Lilongwe and Dowa have planted over 15 million trees between 2009 – 2016.
The Farmers’ Clubs program has imparted knowledge and skills to farmers to help in the adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Member farmers took a leading role in mobilizing non–participating farmers into constructing firewood saving stoves. The farmers organized education campaigns in their communities to educate their neighbours on the effects of harmful environmental practices such as the slash and burn and the careless cutting down of trees. It was through the practical comparisons of cooking using firewood saving stoves and using the traditional non-climate friendly, three stone cooking method that community members understood the importance of constructing the stoves.
The integration of tree planting is essential for increasing biomass cover, soil fertility enrichment and supporting the normal rainfall cycle. The tree planting campaigns carried out by DAPP Malawi have helped to assist in the absorption of carbon – as the trees act as carbon sinks. Additionally, DAPP Malawi has also worked with community members to create woodlots. These woodlots and the provision of tree seedlings has ensured the firewood saving stoves are even more effective.
Monica Changoyima from Jekeseni village is one of more than 30 000 rural farmers who actively planted trees at the Farmers’ Clubs project in Malawi. Changoyima was one of the community members selected as a beneficiary of the tree seedling distribution, she explains “DAPP Malawi noticed that as much as we had trees in the nursery we did not have the right agro forestry skills to care for the trees. So they came in with instructions on how we should plant the trees”. According to Changoyima the tree planting activities have significantly empowered members of the community. She says that most people are now aware of the importance of trees in the rain cycle.
“If we have a lot of trees in the forest we are increasing the chances of having good rainfall. Due to the destruction of forests the country has experienced changes in the climatic conditions,” states Changoyima. The women also realize that due to the unavailability of energy alternatives people are always going to rely on firewood for energy. This will have a great effect on the environment as well as increase their drudgery as they fetch for wood for various household uses. As such the wood-stove methods and introduction of tree-planting processes have helped reduce the impact of this. At rural small-scale farm level the impact is visible as the soil has improved its fertility and humidity and hundreds of thousand trees have been planted – ensuring the sustainability of livelihoods in the region.
Boosting livelihoods and food availability through irrigation schemes in Mozambique: an example from Munguissa
This week at the annual United Nations Climate Change Conference, world leaders will congregate in Germany to address the challenges of climate change, in a concerted effort to seek solutions and stimulate action to counter this growing global threat.
Humana People to People members do work tirelessly to buffer against the effects of climate change at local levels around the world. Worsening droughts in Mozambique have hindered cultivation of crops in recent years, affecting livelihoods and limiting the availability of food to many Mozambicans. This case study demonstrates the impact of Humana People to People’s irrigation scheme on facilitating crop growth in the face of a changing climate.
Ceziano Amadeu is a member of Ovilela Farmers’ Clubs located in Munguissa. The club is one of the sites to benefit from an irrigation system constructed by ADPP Mozambique with funding from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland. The Farmers’ Clubs project seeks to reduce rural poverty through promoting small-scale agriculture. It is for this purpose that the Munguissa drip irrigation scheme was conceived.
The irrigation scheme is a 2 hectare capacity scheme. Different types of vegetables, onions, green pepper, tomatoes, lettuce, carrot and cucumber are grown here at this scheme.
It was during one routine monitoring visit to the Club that a Farming Instructor met with Ceziao, a farmer at Ovilela Club, who had this to share with the project team. “I am a member of the Club since joining in 2014. The project has assisted farmers through training. We have learnt how to prepare compost and use line planting of vegetables. Last year the project taught us about nutrition and how to prepare fortified porridge using vegetables”.
When asked about the impact of the irrigation system, Mr Ceziano responded, “The irrigation is assisting club members to increase their production for household consumption, as well as sales of excess vegetables on the local market resulting in increased income for the farmers”.
The irrigation system is supporting farmers to achieve self-sufficiency in agricultural production, benefitting 500 farmers directly and an additional 2,000 people indirectly in the district. This is exemplary of the good work that Humana People to People members carry out around the world to help people deal with the impact of climate change on local communities. This week at the United Nations Climate Change Conference we are showcasing the work of Humana People to People’s members to highlight our cause while setting an example for others to follow in the struggle against climate change.
ADPP proudly celebrates its 35th anniversary in Mozambique on the 8th of November 2017. The ceremony will be attended by the Minister of Education and Human Development, Dr. Conceita Sortana, the Governor of the Maputo Province, Dr. Raimundo Diomba, government representatives; Diplomats and partners.
The event will reflect on ADPP’s milestones and presence in Mozambique since 1982: responsively addressing Mozambique's changing needs over the past 35 years in Quality Education, Health and Well-being and Environment and Sustainable Agriculture.
The invited guests will have the opportunity to visit an exhibition of the projects implemented by ADPP over the years.
Created in 1982, ADPP is a Mozambican nongovernmental organization whose mission is to address the root causes of poverty through the promotion of social and economic development in Mozambique.
ADPP focuses on the most disadvantaged social groups, including young women, and strives for equal opportunities for all Mozambicans through their vital development work in the health, education, environment and sustainable agriculture.
Currently, ADPP Mozambique implements more than 60 projects in all provinces of the country, benefitting over two million Mozambicans annually and employs more than 3,000 workers.
Machava, November 2, 2017