HOPE Humana in Zambia
Over the years HOPE Humana in Zambia has worked closely with over 2,600 activists, more than 500 support groups for People Living with HIV, 100 youth clubs, 121 primary and secondary schools, key district partners and health service providers. All the efforts have formed part of the contribution towards achieving the UNAIDS 2012 theme of zero tolerance to new HIV infections.
DAPP Zambia is implementing HOPE Humana projects in 7 districts of Kabwe, Mongu, Mkushi, Serenje, Kaoma, Ndola and Kapiri-Mposhi. In each of the districts the people are organizing themselves to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS by increasing their own awareness and promotion of safer sex practices. Mitigatory support services to the infected and affected are availed through establishing and running support groups responding to the terminally and chronically sick, Orphans and Vulnerable Children and the HIV positive people. The vulnerable people and those tested positive are referred and helped to access health services key among them HIV testing and Antiretroviral Treatment (ART).
Since its inception community members have been taking an active part in mobilizing and strengthening 532 support groups through trainings in income generation, improved household nutrition and food security.
In Zambia as in most of the Southern African countries, the primary modes of HIV transmission are through heterosexual sex and mother-to-child transmission. HIV prevalence rates vary considerably within the country. Infection rates are highest in cities and towns along major transportation routes and lower in rural areas with low population density.
HOPE Ndola worked with the Most at Risk Population (MARP). These are members of the community whose livelihoods expose them to contracting HIV faster as compared to the general public. The MARP community member groups reached to are truck drivers, sex workers, fishermen and institution closed society workers such as policemen, soldiers and teachers. Married couples and long term relationships were targeted since national statistics show that 60% of HIV transmission occurs in married couples and long term casual-sex related relationships.
In 2012 alone, people who were counseled and got tested were 28,510 and a total of 1,673,105 condoms were distributed providing users with information on correct and consistent use of condoms.
Zambia is experiencing a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic, with a national HIV prevalence rate of 15 percent among adults ages 15 to 49.