400 Biogas plants for India
About nine-tenth of the rural households in India uses traditional wood and dung-as a household fuel annually
Climate change is a challenge with diverse implications as it impacts on agriculture, water resources, forestry, biodiversity, human health, energy and infrastructure. Diminishing forests and an increase in use of natural resources needs urgent action to counter negative effects of climate change on rural life.
Rural farmers of Dausa, Rajasthan state India are spearheading the second phase of its successful project “Biogas as renewable energy source in Indian villages”. The project works shoulder to shoulder with The Poor farmers to construct 400 biogas plants in 100 villages. Additionally the project will see a creation of 100 micro-units of rural Farmers Clubs, 100 Women’s Self-help Groups and training of 15 biogas masons.
Combining biogas plants with livelihood programs will help promote clean and efficient energy, better health and improve productivity due to reduced indoor pollution and increase in farm incomes all contributing towards better quality of life.
Establishment of family size biogas plants in Dausa, provides sustainable, clean energy for basic cooking and lighting needs of rural communities. The residue left over from the gas production is used in the fields as organic fertilizer.
The project is a climate friendly initiative by Humana People to People India to counter climate change through utilizing the methane gas produced by animal dung for production of biogas, turning waste into useful energy.
Rajasthan is a drought prone state with a large number of heads of cattle (about 10.13% of the country’s livestock population) and setting up biogas plants ensures that all the dung generated by animals within the community is available for generation of bio-gas. Biogas plants also produce an organic fertilizer called slurry as a by-product. Slurry is a safe, nutrient-rich alternative to chemical fertilizers that can be applied to crops and trees. It maintains high moisture level in the soil and keeps a check on soil degradation and erosion while maintaining its nutrient cycle.
This project promises a positive impact on rural women’s' lives. A steady supply of energy channeled to the home will remove the daily task of fuel wood gathering - taking more than three hours in some areas. Freeing energy and time for a woman in such circumstances will assist other activities like taking better care of her family, other income generating activities or facilitating education of her children by reducing her domestic workload.
Biogas plants promise a pollutant-particle free and clean source of energy which reduces the probability of chronic diseases incurred by indoor use of fossil fuels, such as respiratory infections and eye diseases.