Humana People to People

Humana People to People

CIES 2019 and Bilingual Early Grade Reading in Mozambique

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Humana People to People will be represented by its member, Planet Aid Inc, at the Comparative International Education Society (CIES) conference to be held in San Francisco, California USA from 14th to 18th of April 2019. Education for sustainability is the focus of this year’s CIES conference.

CIES presents itself as seeking to contribute to an understanding of education through encouragement and promotion of comparative education related areas of enquiry and interest. Its members explore educational issues related to schools, students, teachers, and administrators; from early childhood and primary school to secondary and higher education, as well as non-formal education and lifelong learning.

During the five day CIES conference, Planet Aid will promote Food for Knowledge’s work toward achieving programme sustainability by emphasizing its holistic approach—integrating educational and nutritional development interventions—and its success in creating an effective partnership with the Government of Mozambique. Food for Knowledge team members will participate in two panels at CIES 2019 conference, discussing results of an early grade reading programme in Mozambique and the programme as a whole!

 

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The programme is in its third year of introducing a bold approach aimed at improving literacy among primary school children. The programme is funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture under the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program.

Planet Aid’s Food for Knowledge (FFK) programme is improving the academic performance and nutritional status of young Mozambicans. This comprehensive program is implemented by Planet Aid’s local partner, ADPP Mozambique, along with Cambridge Education and WISHH.

Young children in Mozambique speak one of several local languages when they enter school, but they are frequently taught from the beginning to read in Portuguese, the official national language. This creates an obstacle in their acquisition of early reading skills.

To address literacy challenges in the nation, FFK has developed a flagship early-grade reading programme that is helping children begin reading in the local languages of Changana and Rhonga. Teachers receive training and support from reading coaches, trained by the programme. The bilingual early grade reading programme, developed in partnership with the Government of Mozambique, helps to propel the national focus on local language education and build sustainability through collaboration.

The programme teaches children to “crack the code” of the written word by learning to read in their mother tongue. This helps to accelerate learning and makes it easier for children to later learn to read in Portuguese.

“Our main focus is to have the largest number of children finishing third grade who know how to read and write,” said Olivia Machel, literacy component manager for Food for Knowledge.

 

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“A child learns better in the language they speak at home, which is why we decided to move towards bilingual teaching beginning with languages spoken locally,” explained Machel.

In addition to having developed these materials, FFK is also training teachers in student-centered and evidence-based early grade reading methodologies.

“The teachers are being trained in phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension,” said Machel. Teachers who have trained and have begun using the materials have observed greater response from their students.

“I see great interaction in the classroom with the students. This is the result of the relaxation they feel because they can communicate in a language that they know,” explained Herminia, a teacher who has been using the reading materials at Chicoachana Primary School.

The early grade reading programme represents a sustainable and effective enhancement to the local curriculum, helping to build a solid foundation for greater literacy. Together with its other components, Food for Knowledge is creating the momentum for long-term sustainability of the programme and the development of the nation.

Learn more at www.planetaid.org/ffk .

BIELLA MEETS MALAWI

via HUMANA People to People Italia

Humana People to People Italia ONLUS is co-operating with some Italian municipalities in protecting the environment and creating developing within marginalized communities in developing countries. The organization was started in 1998 with the purpose to raise funds through collection and resale of used clothes. The revenue realized from the sale of second hand clothes collected from the province of Biella, Piedmont region of Italy is contributing to transforming lives in Malawi.

Below is an account of what happened at an event marking winning a public tender to collect textile waste in Biella province.  

"Biella meets Malawi", the event organized by HUMANA People to People Italia and Co.S.R.A.B, which Caritas Diocesana took part, was held today at the headquarters of Città Studi di Biella.

The meeting was an opportunity to illustrate the project “400 primary schools”, financed by HUMANA thanks to the revenues from the sale of used clothes collected in the territory of Biella. The project was explained by Lisbeth Thomsen, responsible for the activities of DAPP Malawi, sister company of HUMANA in Malawi.

“400 Primary School started with a small group of 18 teachers in 2012, today there are 90 teachers working in 73 schools. Up to now the project has reached over 35.000 beneficiaries. Thanks to the support of HUMANA Italia the children study in a stimulating environment and the teachers are updated on the most modern teaching methods. Education is one of the most critical challenges for Malawi, where, today, only the 52% of the children who has started primary school complete school” said Thomsen during a skype call from Blantyre.

“Today’s meeting has shown how the simple gesture of donating a used dress to HUMANA is the first step in a well-structured chain of solidarity, in which many people work to carry out initiatives of great social impact: it’s because of that first little gesture that everything can begin”  said Alessandro Strada, Head of Marketing HUMANA People to People Italia. 

HUMANA People to People Italia has been collecting and recovering clothes in Biella since 2015, and since 2017 HUMANA has reconfirmed and expanded its presence by winning the announcement of the public tender announced by Consorzio Smaltimento Rifiuti Area Biellese. Since the beginning of 2018 the generosity of the citizens of Biella has allowed HUMANA to collect about 465 thousand kilos of clothes, shoes and accessories that were no longer used.

The international cooperation organization funds solidarity and development projects in India, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia and Zambia. The activity of HUMANA will also contribute to supporting local social initiatives, such as the sharing canteen “Il pane quotidiano di Biella”.

"The collaboration with HUMANA People to People Italia is for Co.S.R.A.B. reason for great satisfaction. For the Consorzio all the recovery chains are fundamental for the great value they have in terms of environmental protection. Combining the care of the environment with solidarity objectives in favor of the neediest populations and with important social initiatives within the territory of our province of Biella is the best result that Co.S.R.A.B. can obtain and testify the goodness of the policies undertaken by the Organization with the adhesion and participation of all the consortium Municipalities, whom we thank for the concrete support provided to the initiatives proposed by the Consorzio. Co.S.R.A.B. He also commends his thanks to the generosity of the citizens of Biella who daily using the yellow containers of HUMANA demonstrate their attention and sensitivity to the themes of both international and local solidarity and the protection of the environment ". Michele Lerro – President Co.S.R.A.B

To educate our next generation we must first educate our teachers



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It is estimated that almost 69 million teachers need to be recruited around the world by 2030 if international pledges on education are to be met, warns UNESCO. African countries face the largest gaps in staffing levels and the continent accounts for nearly two-thirds of the teachers estimated to be needed globally by 2030. Addressing the problem of who will educate the continent’s fast-growing young population is a matter of urgency. Alongside the concerning trend of teacher shortages in Africa is the problem of quality of education and teaching on the continent, which has caused millions to be sold short by the lack of adequate teacher training.

In many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, teachers are faced with very high teacher-to-pupil/student ratio, limited teaching resources and poor school infrastructure. At the same time they are expected to deliver high quality education meeting the international standards. However, the effort the teachers are making is going a long mile in providing education in many deprived communities in Africa. Teachers with little or no training are coming in to cover the shortage of trained teachers as the national governments are failing to meet the demand of teachers in their countries. Their contribution is worth recognizing as the governments are reminded of the need to deliver on SDG 4.
Indeed, across Africa, there continues to be huge disparities between rural and urban education, with evidence continuing to show that primary school enrolment rates in rural areas severely lag behind urban rates in most developing countries. Children, and particularly young girls, in these areas suffer worse learning outcomes and completion rates than their peers in urban areas. Factors that contribute to this include low teacher quality, high pupil-to-teach ratios, teacher retention and teacher absenteeism.

But why? A major contributing factor is that the majority of teachers prefer to teach in urban areas. This leads to rural schools often recruiting less experienced teachers because those with better qualifications are more likely to fill the highly sought-after jobs in urban areas. This is coupled with difficulties presented by periods of absenteeism, which is far more common in rural schools where teachers take longer periods of time off to see doctors, families and to attend training. Teachers working in rural areas also face longer walks to school from their communities which results in shorter teaching hours. The remoteness of these schools also results in accountability levels being far lower than acceptable as inspectors and government officials rarely make trips to ensure standards are being met. The result is a harmful erosion of hours of teaching received by children and a collapse in standards of education.

 

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Humana People to People has been tackling the rural teacher challenge head on for many years. Our unique approach has seen 39,000 graduates globally take up and retain positions mostly in rural communities. The teacher training colleges in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Congo, Guinea Bissau, Zambia and India go beyond traditional academic training with a focus on a practical and holistic education. Our guiding principle is to see education as both building knowledge and promoting citizenship, as education is an integral part of community development with schools and teachers playing a major role in the rural communities. Our graduates become community teachers who are equipped with not only the skills to teach academic subjects, but the practical knowledge of how to build latrines, wells and houses.

To prepare them for the realities of rural life, our trainees are taken out to live in and learn from the communities, to familiarise them with their future roles and ensure the communities are actively engaged in and aware of the importance of education. Over the years we have found that this holistic and unique approach to teacher training has instilled a sense of pride in our teachers, resulted in a decline in absenteeism and improved educations systems in the communities in which the graduates have served.

On World Teachers’ Day Humana People to People would like to celebrate the 39,000 graduates who have trained with us and the 11,600 trainees currently completing their studies at our colleges. In 2018 and beyond we will collectively continue to fight for the many children globally who still do not have access to quality teachers.

Humana People to People presents at the International Conference on Food Security & Climate Change

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Humana People to People is going to take part at the International Conference on Food Security and Climate Change to be held in Harare, Zimbabwe on 4th – 5th of October 2018. The international conference is being organized by Bindura University of Science Education with focus on food security and the climate change impact on today’s agriculture.

During the conference Humana People to People Chairperson Ib. O. Hansen will present, in a breakaway parallel session called Global Climate Change. The Global Climate Change session will be chaired by Dr. T.D. Mushore of University of Zimbabwe. Ib. O. Hansen’s presentation is titled Humana People to People: Farmers’ Clubs Fighting for Food Security and Addressing Global Warming Across the SADC Countries and Elsewhere in the World.

The Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) 2018 The State of Food Security in the World: Building Climate Resilience for Food Security and Nutrition report is showing that hunger is on the rise as for the third year in a row that is 2014 to 2017, there has been a rise in world hunger. The absolute number of undernourished people, i.e. those facing chronic food deprivation, has increased to nearly 821 million in 2017, from around 804 million in 2016. These are levels from almost a decade ago.

In addition, climate variability and extremes are among the key drivers behind the recent surge in global hunger and one of the leading causes of severe food crises. The cumulative effect of changes in climate is undermining all dimensions of food security – food availability, access, utilization and stability. At the same time, growing competition for land, water, and energy, in addition to the overexploitation of natural resources, will seriously impair our productive capacity in regards to producing food.

Success in meeting food security and climate change challenges will require a steady stream of capacity building and strengthening vulnerable communities to improve their farming practices as they gear towards increasing food production as well as adapt to changing climatic conditions.

Humana People to People in its parallel presentation paper at the International Conference on Food Security and Climate Change seek to demonstrate that its alternative rural farming models currently benefiting vulnerable farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa offer hope and possibilities in empowering farmers to undertake sustainable agriculture. Thus, actions need to be accelerated and scaled up to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of food systems, people’s livelihoods, and nutrition in response to climate variability and extremes.

Solutions require increased partnerships and multi-year, large-scale funding of integrated disaster risk reduction and management and climate change adaptation programmes that are short-, medium- and long-term in scope. Thus the Farmers’ Clubs programme, a rural small-scale farming concept provide the viable solutions as its approaches are community based, people led and is driven by the collective structures of farmers in finding solutions as a unity through technical guidance from a resident Farming Instructor.

Since the start of the first Farmers’ Clubs project in Mozambique in 2005, the initiative has gone to benefit more than 200 000 farmers in Africa and India. The farmers whose livelihood is directly connected with agro-produce are organized into clubs of 50 where they co-operate and gain new farming techniques. The members of the Farmers’ Clubs improve production, food security and household income through adopting environmental friendly climate smart agriculture methods of farming. As a result of the program, small-scale farmers have increased their production and their incomes through capacity building and sustainable agriculture practices.

In-line with the Sustainable Development Goals, the aim of the Farmers’ Clubs is to provide farmers with the tools and channels to transform their lives and strengthen resilience against short and long-term environmental shocks including changes.

Inside Namibia's HIV success story

testing Namibia

AMSTERDAM — Facing one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world, Namibia has become the first country in Africa to have more than three-quarters of its HIV-affected population virally suppressed — and insiders are crediting political commitment, good data, and community-centered HIV programs for the remarkable achievement.

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