Humana People to People

Humana People to People

Answering the Call to End Poverty

 

 

Poverty has a stronger impact on children and women. Empowering women and creating better conditions for children’s growth results in greater and faster progress in poverty reduction. 

 

Humana People to People joins the rest of the world as it commemorates the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is marked under the theme “Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful and inclusive societies”. The theme for this year reminds us of the importance of the values of dignity, solidarity and voice underscored in the Call to Action to fight to end poverty everywhere. The Call to Action recognizes the knowledge and courage of families living in poverty throughout the world, the importance of reaching out to the poorest and building an alliance with citizens from all backgrounds to end poverty.

 

Eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. The reality of our world shows that the greater proportion of women suffering from various forms of poverty is linked to their unequal access to education, to productive resources and to control of assets, and in some cases to unequal rights in the family and in society. This in fact, impacts negatively on the entire household, particularly on children, and the whole community. 

 

Humana People to People stands shoulder to shoulder with the children and women in their various actions working towards changing their status of being poor. By standing together with the members of the disadvantaged communities, Humana People to People seek to actively engage the participation of the poor into coming up with appropriate local solutions that respond effectively in solving their own circumstances. 

 

 

In developing the community development programs, Humana People to People employs the locals who understand the issues affecting the community and are better suited to initiate actions, campaigns, trainings and organize the community into joining hands and be at the fore-front of their own development. The project leader is the mainstay of the project. It means she/he stays among the community where the project is being implemented and is readily available anytime she/he is needed. The arrangement makes it possible for the project leader to know better the community, build relationships, gain confidence and trust.  

 

The introduction of the United Nations supported Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), has further inspired the Humana People to People approach on fighting poverty. Ending poverty is an overarching objective of the 17 SDGs and obligated all countries to end poverty in all forms, through strategies that guarantee the protection and development of humanity.

 

In 2013, an estimated 767 million people lived below the international poverty line of $1.90 a day — down from 1.7 billion people in 1999. 42 per cent of people in sub-Saharan Africa continued to subsist in conditions of extreme poverty in 2013. Humana People to People understands that responding to poverty starts with focusing more on the children. 

 

Poverty hits children hardest. While a severe lack of goods and services hurts every human, it is most threatening to children growth: survival, health and nutrition, education, participation, and protection from harm and exploitation. It creates an environment that is damaging to children’s development in every way – mental, physical, emotional and spiritual. 

 

Child Aid is a Humana People to People designed rural development and community based program which seek to create a protective child environment that support better future prospects for every child. The holistic approach enshrined in the Child Aid project is aimed at mobilizing children, families and communities to strengthen their income, health and security. 

 

 

The all inclusive Child Aid program organize the families and their communities into taking actions. Child Aid recognizes the fact that in order to nurture children successfully; an entire community must be supported and strengthened. 

In the year 2016, Humana People to People, implemented 237 Child Aid projects impacting the lives of 1.9 million people. The Child Aid program was implemented in 14 countries spanning across Africa, Asia and Latin America. In Zambia, a USAID funded Child Aid Zambia Families project is reaching out to 125 000 orphans and vulnerable children including their families by improving health and welfare. 

 

In India, a unique microfinance program is empowering rural women by achieving financial inclusion thus striving for gender equality. The program known as “Humana Microfinance,” provides loans to women in poor rural regions of India. The micro-loans go towards starting up a range of income-generating activities with the objective of fighting poverty. 

 

During the year 2016, a total of 39 “Humana Microfinance” units impacted on the lives of 81 000 women, translating to 486 000 individuals during the financial credit life circle. The striking outcome of the “Humana Microfinance’ is the financial literacy trainings which are built around improving financial knowledge which, over the time, improves household income and economically empowers women in wealth creation. 

 

 

Humana People to People re-affirms its commitment to create social protection for the poor and vulnerable as a benchmark to increase access to basic services by 2030. 

 

 

 

"Learning to read in their mother tongue helps to accelerate children's learning"

 

 

Food for Knowledge program is a Planet Aid Inc project being funded by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) under the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition and the program is implemented by ADPP Mozambique in the province of Maputo.

Food for Knowledge has been running since 2013. Until end of 2016 almost 33 million school meals have been consumed by more than 60 000 children. The school meals have achieved a marked impact on school enrolment, active participation in classes as well as a marked improvement in children’s nutrition.

The extension of the program into the second phase has seen the addition of a literacy strengthening program, targeting early grades (1 – 3) in primary school. This program is being implemented by ADPP Mozambique and in partnership with Cambridge Education.

An interview with Dr. Paula Green, a specialist with extensive experience in developing early grade reading programs in various Southern African countries, was recently conducted by Planet Aid Inc and further published on Club of Mozambique portal and on “Their World”, the Sarah and Gordon Brown Foundation website.

 

We invite you to read the detailed account of the interview with Dr. Paula Green:

A new programme is teaching young children in Mozambique to read in their native language before moving on to learn Portuguese.

 

Young children in Mozambique speak in one of several native languages when they enter school.

But they frequently are taught to read in Portuguese, the official languageof the nation. This can be an obstacle when it comes to them acquiring early reading skills.  

To help improvements in early reading, Planet Aid and its partners ADPP Mozambique and Cambridge Education have been implementing an early-grade reading programme that teaches children to “crack the code” of the written word by learning to read in their mother tongue.

This helps to accelerate learning and makes it easier for children to later learn Portuguese. The project has developed classroom and other materials for early-grade reading in two national languages - Xichangana and Xirhonga. It has also developed and is implementing teacher and reading-coach training programmes. 

The literacy initiative is part of Planet Aid's Food for Knowledge project, which is funded by the US Department of Agriculture under the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program.

Paula Green, Ph.D., is a literacy specialist with Cambridge Education working on the literacy component of Food for Knowledge. She has extensive experience of developing early-grade reading programmes and was a senior literacy specialist and national training manager for 16 years with the prestigious Molteno Institute for Language and Learning in South Africa.  

We spoke with Dr Green in South Africa to discuss the work being done in Mozambique to strengthen literacy.

 

 

Why is a focus on literacy important for Mozambique?

We often say that the first three years are when children “learn to read” in order that in later years they can “read to learn.” Through literacy, children gain access to the knowledge and skills available in all other subjects. Without this foundational skill, the years spent in school are at best demoralising, at worst useless.

The Mozambique Ministry of Education and Human Development has been concerned about alarming statistics on student learning outcomes and has made early-grade reading a national priority. Although progress has been made, the government is still in the process of rolling out its bilingual education initiative.

The Food for Knowledge literacy component is aiding the bilingual education strategy of the ministry. From the very outset and on an ongoing basis, the literacy team has worked diligently with the ministry to develop and implement this programme.

 

 

What is the approach and the evidence behind it?

The National Reading Panel in the United States is a key part of the empirical foundation of the project, as it is for most current literacy interventions in the developing world.[1] Based on a wide-ranging meta-study, the panel identified a combination of effective elements involved in teaching early-grade reading. 

These elements are the concepts of print, phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension.

Our approach relies on a systematic, daily practice of skills that support a child’s ability to read and write independently. It adheres to a Gradual Release of Responsibility methodology, encouraging teachers to model and practise with the children and then to support them in practising by themselves.

Instruction begins using the children's locally-spoken language and gradually introduces Portuguese into the curriculum. 

Because the content and methodology are new to most teachers in Mozambique, the approach employs strong scaffolding, especially during the introductory phase. 

Scaffolding means to provide detailed lesson plans that clarify each step of the instructional sequence, helping to build skills in the new methodology. 

As the teachers become more confident with the activities and steps, they can choose to adapt or generate their own lesson plans to suit the particular needs of their own learners. 

What has the project done so far?

Our first task was to develop a framework for the systematic development of listening, speaking and letter knowledge, along with comprehension and writing skills for the first grade. 

Close collaboration with the Ministry of Education on this ensured that the programme aligned with the official curriculum.

We then focused on developing weekly lesson plans for grade one along with a wide array of instructional materials that include a three-volume teaching guide, 28 read-aloud stories, 22 decodable books, student books, conversation posters and more.

Next we developed a training plan and manuals for teachers and literacy coaches and completed all the training.  There are currently 27 coaches that are providing support to 215 teachers at 141 schools.  

Part of the coaches’ training involved the use of electronic tablets for recording classroom observations and for administering a shortened version of an assessment called the Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) weekly. The results are then transmitted in real time to headquarters staff, who monitor results and provide feedback.

How else is the literacy component being monitored and evaluated?  

The literacy component will undergo a complete external evaluation by outside experts, using the full EGRA methodology. The baseline analysis for the evaluation was recently completed and the final evaluation will be performed in three years.

But that’s not all. We wanted more frequent performance monitoring to better inform our practice as we go along. So we also developed a baseline literacy test in Xichangana and Xirhonga (as well as Portuguese) and administered it in grades one to three in May. 

The findings of this baseline are being used to inform the development of the second and third-grade materials. There will also be an internally-conducted end-line study.

Teachers are also encouraged to carry out weekly assessments of students and record their scores. These teacher-performed assessments are designed to be easy to do so as not to overwhelm teachers and run the risk of them avoiding assessment altogether. 

 

 

What is your outlook for the future of the project?

I feel very positive and excited about the possibility of making a lasting impact. I say that having had many years of experience in many other literacy programmes in sub-Saharan Africa.

I am pleased that the materials are being well received and am proud that, in a very short time, we have managed to develop a large quantity of materials to an acceptably high standard.

Also, the fact that this programme has employed dedicated reading coaches is a strength. The ongoing support they are providing the teachers addresses one of the common challenges of such programmes, where the enthusiasm generated during training dissipates when teachers get back to school and are faced with the challenges of large classes, limited resources etc. 

The fact that the teachers are visited regularly by enthusiastic, supportive coaches will go a long way to sustain commitment, hopefully well beyond the years of the programme.

Another factor that bodes well for sustainability is the commitment of the literacy team and support provided by the senior team. Effective working relationships take time to be established. 

This has been the case in our team - getting processes established, recruiting the additional essential staff and allocating roles to specific team members. 

We are about to embark on a big programme of second-grade materials development, while still supporting the existing first-grade classes. Though the extent of the work is daunting, I am encouraged that we are on the right track. We know where we are going and what we want to achieve.

 

 

Humana People to  People is participating in 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health

 

Humana People to People is excited to announce its involvement in the 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health in Guadalajara, Mexico, from 11th-14th October 2017.

The conference, organised by The Union, is the world’s largest annual gathering of stakeholders working to end suffering caused by lung disease, focusing specifically on challenges faced by low- and middle-income countries. The theme this year, “Accelerating Toward Elimination”, will bring together 4,000 delegates from 100 countries and focus on achieving the global lung health agenda, including towards elimination of tuberculosis and co-infections, improving tobacco control and reducing air pollution.

Humana People to People’s community-level approach to TB awareness, case identification and support for treatment has been breaking new ground in recent years. The program, Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE), takes a holistic approach by focusing on individuals and their communities as key players in their own health and well-being. It principally works towards meaningful community engagement on major diseases such as TB, to improve awareness, access to health services, and support for successful treatment. Humana People to People partners are currently implementing 8 Total Control of Tuberculosis projects in 11 countries, and screened over 160,000 people for TB in the last year.  

At this year’s conference, Humana People to People members will share in-depth learning on community-level TB interventions for key populations, including an integrated approach towards HIV-TB coinfection. TB remains one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and is currently the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, which highlights the need for more coordinated efforts among actors to upscale active case identification, as well as improve access to and delivery of treatment, particularly among at-risk communities. 

 

 

At the event, Olga Guerrero will represent the Federation Humana People to People in a panel discussion titled “Meaningful engagement of communities in active TB case finding: How can we get it right?”; Sugata Mukhopadhyay will present on “ADPP Mozambique’s strategies to track and support index HIV cases and their contacts through community-based intervention to protect People Living with HIV and against TB in Mozambique”; and Anne Marie Moeller will share Humana People to People India experiences and lessons learned in “Enhancing active case finding among people living in the slums of Delhi, India”. 

If you would like further information regarding Humana People to People and our work relating to tuberculosis around the world, please contact Ib Hansen on This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

You can also follow Humana People to People on Twitter at @HumanaHPP, and you can find more information about the 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health at www.guadalajara.worldlunghealth.org guadalajara.worldlunghealth.org

A call for urgency to Ending AIDS by 2030 @ the 72 UN General Assembly

 

 

 

Humana People to People commit to achieving the Fast Track approach to End AIDS by 2030. Ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 requires renewed urgency.

 

UNAIDS working together with President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda is bringing world leaders together at a high-level side event during the 72 United Nations General Assembly to reinvigorate political leadership around HIV and AIDS. He will make a call to all countries to adopt the UNAIDS Fast-Track approach to achieve the global and regional targets as outlined in the 2016 United Nations Political Declaration on Ending AIDS.

 

The 72 United Nations General Assembly high level side event will demonstrate that the Fast-Track approach to ending AIDS is working and there are some positive impact it is having on health systems and on the broader sustainable development goals in Africa and beyond. A strong call will be made at the high level side event for political leadership to build momentum and deliver on the shared agenda of ending AIDS by 2030.

 

 

Humana People to People has engaged with many countries in Southern Africa including India and China on fighting HIV and AIDS over the past two decades. Total Control of the Epidemic (TCE) and HOPE Humana are the major concepts which has been and are still working on organizing the community members into taking control against HIV and AIDS. However due to the emerging needs in the global tendencies of HIV and AIDS epidemic it demanded newer and streamlined approaches to the AIDS disease. Agenda 2030 has set SDG 3 – ensure good health for all including the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets as the global framework directing efforts seeking to achieve decided outcomes. Humana People to People’s TCE program stands ready to join forces with UNAIDS to achieve the set targets.

 

TCE is a systematic community mobilization drive against HIV and AIDS and TB. It targets communities with door-to-door campaigns, raising awareness, providing counseling, making referrals, distributing condoms, promoting Voluntary Male Medical Circumcision (VMMC), encouraging pregnant women to attend elimination of mother-to-child transmission programs (PMTCT), home-based testing and collaborating with local health structures to combat the spread of HIV and AIDS including TB, setting up community structures supporting linkage to care and treatment.

 

TCE targets individuals and communities, given that individuals within their environments need to take control of the epidemic to make a substantial and lasting change. New focus in achieving better control of the epidemic has seen some revision on how TCE is now concentrating its efforts where the HIV and AIDS need response.

 

Total Control of the Epidemic focus is now focusing on targeting more people with HIV testing, targeting enrolling people who are HIV+ on ART Treatment and targeting viral suppression among the people undergoing ART Treatment. The 3 focal points are all part of what UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets are calling for in-order to leave no-one behind with HIV and AIDS treatment and viral suppression.

 

In the year 2016, Humana People to People’s TCE program have managed to implement efficient HIV and AIDS interventions has reached 6.5 million people. Strategic campaigns were carried out in Namibia, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, South Africa, India, Botswana, China and Angola that has seen 728 750 people tested for HIV out of which 49 500 tested HIV+. The people found HIV positive were enrolled onto ART Treatment and are continuously receiving community based care and support to ensure lasting ART Treatment adherence and avoid defaulting. The TCE Field Officers, the program’s foot soldiers who are responsible for person-to-person HIV basic counseling, community follow-ups and referral for medical support, are the integral cog in getting more people enrolling for medication and care.

 

Renewed efforts seeking to increase the number of people testing HIV+ (HIV sero positive yield/conversion) has demanded another approach in locating the people who are at most danger of HIV infection. HIV and TB Index Testing is a unique approach which has proved that targeting specific people with HIV Testing especially those close to someone diagnosed with HIV infection makes it easier to get many people on treatment. The Index Testing approach involve scouting for potential HIV+ individuals among each of the nucleus family members and the sexual partners of the person identified to be HIV+. The arrangement helps to guarantee HIV+ long-life, a better health and well-being. 

 

 

In Botswana, South Africa and Zambia young women and adolescents girls are receive HIV and AIDS awareness messages, trainings and life skills in-order for them to become economically empowered and avoid entering into inter-generational sex as a means to earn an income. In South Africa, the intervention is offering HIV Testing services to adolescent girls (10-14) and (15-19), young women (20-24) and their male sex partners aged (25 – 49) years. Condom distribution and referral for ART Treatment is done for those who deserve such support.

 

Humana People to People has a shared vision with Agenda 2030 and UNAIDS as demonstrated through its efforts which are pushing for accelerated pace in implementing the UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets among the countries which are lagging behind in meeting the targets. 

 

It takes more to ensure healthy lives and promote the well-being for all at all and achieve sustainable development.

 

For more visit our social media sites here:

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/HumanaHPP 

Twitter:  @HumanaHPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School Meals support children’s education and nutrition

 

School meals programs are effective safety nets, helping to ensure that every child has access to education, has a thriving health and better nutrition status. Good nutrition helps children grow smart and unlock their potential.

 

More than 300 leaders from 67 countries will come together next week at the Global Child Nutrition Forum. This year the theme is “Bridge to Sustainable Development through School Meal Programs: Engaging Local, National, Regional and Global Communities”.

 

The annual event, organized by the Global Child Nutrition Foundation and the UN World Food Program will seek to foster cooperation between national and encourage countries to develop and improve national school meal programs that are locally-sourced and country-operated.

 

The Food for Knowledge program funded by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) via Planet Aid Inc, is being implemented by ADPP Mozambique. The Food for Knowledge program provides primary school children with daily meals and ensures children have access to clean water, toilets and hygiene. The program also trains students in child health and nutrition and establishes after-school learning clubs where educational kits are distributed.

 

ADPP Mozambique, a member of Humana People to People, is attending the event sharing experiences gained from its Food for Knowledge program, currently benefitting children attending primary schools in Maputo, Mozambique. Program Co-ordinator Stanley Kudzibatira will share some of the successes and challenges-and look forward to learn what others are doing. The Forum provides an opportunity to interact with experts from around the world, see other school meal programs in action and more.

 

Extreme hunger and malnutrition remain a barrier to sustainable development and creates a trap from which people, mostly children, cannot easily escape. More than one third of all child deaths every year around the world are attributed to malnutrition, specifically undernutrition, which weakens the body's resistance to illness.

 

If a child is malnourished, the child's physical and mental growth and development will be slowed. This will affect the child for the rest of his or her life. Providing school based meals becomes a necessary step in limiting the impact of malnutrition.

 

The Planet Aid administered and USDA-funded Food for Knowledge school meals program in Mozambique is working to address malnutrition over 60,000 children across Maputo province. Through the program, Humana People to People member ADPP Mozambique is working with 245 primary schools to implement the school feeding program, as well as strengthen nutrition awareness and improve school attendance for students.

 

Program outcomes are contributing toward both SDG4 (Quality Education) and SDG2 (Zero Hunger) targets. The ultimate goal is to help children actively participate in primary school education without being affected by food insecurity. 

 

Food for Knowledge program began early 2013 covering 245 primary schools in Maputo Province, and involves primary school children as well as their parents, teachers and their communities.

 

The program has seen almost 33 million school meals consumed.

 

Our experiences from school meals programs has taught us that when the rations are appropriately designed, school meals can improve the nutrition status of  primary school children by addressing macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies. This leads to reduction in children dropping out of school and increased school enrollment. 

 

About 370.000 people in the districts of Manhiça, Magude, Moamba and Matutuine benefit directly from the school meals. The project also supports the training of primary school teachers at the 11 ADPP Teacher Training Colleges and students at the Pedagogy course at OWU, One World University.

 

Humana People to People remains committed to do its part in responding to the 2030 Agenda call to action demanding an end to hunger and ensure access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food for all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations.   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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